Education → in depth → the education system in india the education system in india by dr v sasi kumar in the beginning in ancient times, india had the gurukula system of education in which anyone who wished to study went to a teacher's (guru) house and requested to be taught. The british style university was established in calcutta, mumbai and chennai in the year 1857 based on the model of university of london which has been the foundation of the modern higher education system in india.
India’s higher education system has finally broken free of decades of colonial overhang in recent years, the country higher education in india: vision 2030. India is believed to have had a functioning system of higher education as early as 1000 bc unlike present day universities, these ancient learning centers were primarily concerned with dispersing vedic education.
In india's higher education system, a significant number of seats are reserved under affirmative action policies for the historically disadvantaged scheduled castes and scheduled tribes and other backward classes in universities, colleges, and similar institutions affiliated to the federal government, there is a maximum 50% of reservations applicable to these disadvantaged groups, at the state level it can vary. Currently, indian higher education system has many favorable factors to its advantage india has a large higher education sector, the third largest in the world it uses english as a principal language of higher education and research and has an extensive academic tradition. The higher education system in india has grown in a remarkable way, particularly in the post-independence period, to become one of the largest system of its kind in the world however, the system has many issues of concern at present, like financing and. Indian higher education has a complex structure riddled with many contradictions, still has great possibilities by 2030, india will be amongst the youngest nations in the world with nearly 140 million people in the college-going age group, one in every four graduates in the world will be a product of the indian education system.
Currently, india’s higher education system is the largest in the world enrolling over 70 million students while in less than two decades, india has managed to create additional capacity for over 40 million students. Examinations at the end of vocational education are conducted by the all india and state boards of vocational education tertiary education india’s higher education system is highly centralized and undergoing large changes since its inception in 1947 largely based upon the british system of education, educational policy is ever-developing.
Despite significant progress over the last ten years, indian higher education is faced with four broad challenges: • the supply-demand gap: india has a low rate of enrolment in higher education, at only 18%, compared with 26% in china and 36% in brazil there is enormous unmet demand for higher education. India’s tertiary education system is one of the largest in the world with over ten million students nevertheless, only 1 out of 10 young people has access to higher education, and this is predominantly among the well-off.
India council for technical education (aicte), the association of india universities (aiu) and the national council for teacher education (ncte) as well as various institutions of higher education.